​A comprehensive list of references can be found on:

1. Manu L. N. G. Malbrain et al: Incidence and prognosis of intraabdominal hypertrension in a mixed population of critically ill patients: A multiple-center epidemiological study. Crit Care Med 2005 Vol. 33- No. 2, pg 315-322

2. Malbrain MLNG (2001). Intra-abdominal pressure in the Intensive Care Unit : Clinical tool or toy ? In : Vincent JL (Ed) Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 547-585.

3. Malbrain MLNG (2002). Abdominal Perfusion Pressure as a Prognostic Marker in Intra-Abdominal Hypertension. In : Vincent JL (Ed) Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 792-814.

4. Pouliart N, Huyghens L (2002) An observational study on intraabdominal pressure in 125 critically ill patients. Crit Care 6 (Supplem 1): S3 (Abst

5. Malbrain MLNG, for the CIAH study group (2001) Prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in the ICU. Intensive Care Med 27 (Suppl 2): S176 (Abst).

6. Fusco MA, Martin RS, Chang MC (2001) Estimation of intra-abdominal pressure by bladder pressure measurement: validity and methodology. J Trauma 50: 297-302.

7. Gudmundsson FF, Viste A, Gislason H, Svanes K (2002) Comparison of different methods for measuring intra-abdominal pressure. Intensive Care Med 28: 509-514.

8. Verbrugghe W, Van Mieghem N, Daelemans R, Lins R, Malbrain MLNG (2003) Estimating the optimal bladder volume for intra-abdominal pressure measurement by bladder pressure-volume curves. Critical Care 7(Suppl 2): P184 (Abst).

9. Van Mieghem N, Verbrugghe W, Daelemans R, Lins R, Malbrain MLNG (2003) Can abdominal perimeter be used as an accurate estimation of intra-abdominal pressure? Critical Care 7(Suppl 2): P183 (Abst).

10. Kirkpatrick AW, Brenneman FD, McLean RF, Rapanos T (2000) Is clinical examination an accurate indicator of raised intra-abdominal pressure in critically injured patients ? Can J Surg 43: 207-11.

11. Sugrue M, Bauman A, Jones F, Bishop G, Flabouris A, Parr M, Stewart A, Hillman K, Deane SA (2002) Clinical Examination Is an Inaccurate Predictor of Intraabdominal Pressure. World J Surg 26: 1428-1431.

12. Castillo M, Lis RJ, Ulrich H, Rivera G, Hanf C, Kvetan V (1998) Clinical estimate compared to intra-abdominal pressure measurement. Crit Care Med 26 (Supplem 1): 78A (Abst).

13. Platell CF, Hall J, Clarke G, Lawrence-Brown (1990) Intra-abdominal pressure and renal function after surgery to the abdominal aorta. Aust N Z J Surg 60 : 213-216.

14. Kron JL, Harman PK, Nolan SP (1984) The measurement of intra-abdominal pressure as a criterion for abdominal re-exploration. Ann Surg 199: 28-30.

15. Darovic GO, Vanriper S, Vanriper J (1995) In: Darovic GO (Ed) Hemodynamic monitoring. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders: 149-175.

16. Kleinman B, Powell S, Kumar P, Gardner RM (1992) The fast flush test measures the dynamic response of the entire blood pressure monitoring system. Anesthesiology 77: 1215-1220.

17. Iberti TJ, Kelly KM, gentil DR, Hirsch S, Benjamin E (1987) A simple technique to accurately determine intra-abdominal pressure. Crit Care Med 15: 1140-1142.

18. Iberti TJ, Lieber CE, Benjamin E (1989) Determination of intra-abdominal pressure using a transurethral bladder catheter : clinical validation of the technique. Anesthesiology 70: 47-50

19. Cheatham ML, Safcsak K (1998) Intraabdominal pressure : a revised method for measurement. J Am Coll Surg 186: 594-595.

20. Sagraves SG; Cheatham ML; Johnson JL; White M; Block EF; Nelson LD (1997) Intravesicular pressure monitoring does not increase the risk of urinary tract or systemic infection. Crit Care Med 27:A48

21. Collee GG, Lomax DM, Ferguson C, Hanson GC (1993) Bedside measurement of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) via an indwelling naso-gastric tube: clinical validation of the technique. Intensive Care Med 19: 478-480.

22. Sugrue M, Buist MD, Lee A, Sanchez DJ, Hillman KM (1994) Intra-abdominal pressure measurement using a modified nasogastric tube: description and validation of a new technique. Intensive Care Med 20: 588-590.

23. Debaveye Y, Bertieaux S, Malbrain M (2000) Simultaneous measurement of intra-abdominal pressure and regional CO2 via a gastric tonometer. Intensive Care Med 26 (Suppl 3): S324 (Abst)

24. Malbrain MLNG (2003) Validation of a novel fully automated continuous method to measure intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Intensive Care Med 29 (Suppl 1): S73 (Abst)

25. Schachtrupp A, Tons C, Fackeldey V, Hoer J, Reinges M, Schumpelick V (2003) Evaluation of two novel methods for the direct and continuous measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in a porcine model. Intensive Care Med 29: 1605-1608.

26. Cheatham ML, White MW, Sagraves SG, Johnson JL, Block EFJ (2000) Abdominal perfusion pressure : a superior parameter in the assessment of intra-abdominal hypertension. J Trauma 49 : 621-627.

27. Harrahill M (1998) Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring. J Emerg Nurs 24: 465-466.

28. Lee SL, Anderson JT, Kraut EJ, Wisner DH, Wolfe BM (2002) A simplified approach to the diagnosis of elevated intra-abdominal pressure. J Trauma 52: 1169-1172.

29. Malbrain MLNG, Leonard M, Delmarcelle D (2002) A novel technique of intra-abdominal pressure measurement : validation of two prototypes. Crit Care 6 (Supplem 1): S2-S3 (Abst)

30. Lacey SR, Bruce J, Brooks SP, Griswald J, Ferguson W, Allen JE, Jewett TC, Karp MP, Cooney DR (1987) The relative merits of various methods of indirect measurement of intra-abdominal pressure as a guide to closure of abdominal wall defects. J Ped Surg 22: 1207-1211.

31. Shafik A, El-Sharkawy A, Sharaf WM (1997) Direct measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in various conditions. Eur J Surg 163 : 883-887.

32. Dowdle M (1997) Evaluating a new intrauterine pressure catheter. J Reprod Med 42: 506-513.

33. Yol S, Kartal A, Tavli S, Tatkan Y (1998) Is urinary bladder pressure a sensitive indicator of intra-abdominal pressure ? Endoscopy 30: 778-780.

34. Joynt GM, Gomersall CD, Buckley TA, Oh TE, Young RJ, Freebairn RC (1996) Comparison of intrathoracic and intra-abdominal measurements of central venous pressure. Lancet 347: 1155-1157.

35. Johna S, Taylor E, Brown C, Zimmerman G (1999) Abdominal compartment syndrome: does intra-cystic pressure reflect actual intra-abdominal pressure ? A prospective study in surgical patients. Crit Care 3: 135-138.

36. Malbrain MLNG, Van Mieghem BN, Verbrugghe W, Daelemans R, Lins R (2003) Effects of different body positions on intra-abdominal pressure and dynamic respiratory compliance. Crit Care 7 (Suppl 2): P179.

37. Malbrain MLNG (1999) Abdominal pressure in the critically ill: measurement and clinical relevance. Intensive Care Med 25: 1453-1458.

Key words: intra-abdominal pressure monitoring; IAP monitoring; intra-abdominal hypertension; IAH; abdominal compartment syndrome; ACS; FoleyManometer; bladder pressure monitoring; intra-abdominal pressure monitoring​

Holtech Medical | Soebakken 22, 2920 Charlottenlund Denmark | Phone: +45 39 64 13 38 | E-mail:​ | CVR: 57741856