Clinical studies demonstrate that intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH, defined as an IAP>12 mmHg) is common in intensive care patients:
- IAH occurs in more than 50% of all surgical and medical ICU patients (ref. 1)
- IAH is associated with significantly increased morbidity and mortality (ref. 2)
- IAH adversely affects all organs (ref. 3)
- IAH causes a covert elevation of CVP, PAOP, and ICP (ref. 4)
Manu LNG Malbrain et al: Prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients: A multicentre epidemiological study. ICM 2004, 30 pg. 822-9.
Manu LNG Malbrain et al: Incidence and prognosis of Intraabdominal hypertension in a mixed population of critically ill patients: A multicentre epidemiological study. CCM 2005 Vol. 33, No. 2.